Circumstance or circumstances may refer to:
- Attendant circumstance, a legal concept which Black's Law Dictionary defines as the "facts surrounding an event"
- Aggravating circumstance, a circumstance attending the commission of a crime which increases its enormity or adds to its consequences
- Exigent circumstance, allowing law enforcement to enter a structure outside the bounds of a search warrant
- Extenuating circumstances, information regarding a defendant or crime that might result in reduced charges or a lesser sentence
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