Jaspers is a Dutch patronymic surname (Jasper's). Notable people with the surname include:
- Dick Jaspers (born 1965), Dutch carom billiards player
- Eddy Jaspers (born 1956), Belgian football defender
- Karl Jaspers (1883–1969), German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher
- Jappe Jaspers (born 1998), Belgian cyclo-cross cyclist.
- Jason Jaspers (born 1981), Canadian ice hockey centre
- Hermes Jaspers (born 1965), American actor
- John Baptist Jaspers (died 1691), Flemish painter and tapestry designer
- Martijn Jaspers (born 1987), Dutch BMX rider
- Michel Jaspers (born 1935), Belgian architect
- Stijn Jaspers (1961–1984), Dutch middle and long-distance runner
- ^ Jaspers at the Database of Surnames in The Netherlands.