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The samurai jazarant (kusari katabira): mail armor was sewn between layers of cloth on this jacket.

Jazerant (/ˈæzərənt/), or hauberk jazerant, is a form of medieval light coat of armour consisting of mail between layers of fabric or leather. It was largely used in Turkey, the Middle East, and Persia from the 11th and 12th century,[1][2] at the end of the 13th and throughout the 14th century.[3] In the following centuries, its use was replaced by that of the jaque, or "jacket", which was a kind of gambeson.[3] Also known as kazaghand,[1] gazarant or gesserant,[4] its name has been variously interpreted but most likely derived from the Arabic jazā’irī,[5] which means "Algerine":[6] the Arabs of north Africa were renowned for their mail coats. The samurai of Japan used a type of jazerant during the Edo period: kusari katabira (mail jackets) were constructed with mail sewn between layers of cloth.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Andre-Driussi, Michael Andre-Driussi (2008). Lexicon Urthus, Second Edition. Sirius Fiction. p. 192. ISBN 978-0964279513.
  2. ^ The Free Dictionary. "Jazerant". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  3. ^ a b Oplotheca (1816). Catalogue of a most splendid and instructive collection of ancient armour. Printed by Smith and Davy. pp. 30–31. Jazerant.
  4. ^ The Burlington Magazine (1904). "The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs, Vol. 6". The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs : Illustrated and Published Monthly. New York: Savile Publishing Company: 463. ISSN 0951-0788.
  5. ^ Giuseppe Barett, Neuman Henry (1831). Neuman & Baretti's Dictionary of the Spanish and English Languages. London: Longman & Rees. p. 516.
  6. ^ The Burlington Magazine (1904). The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs, Vol. 6. New York: Savile Publishing Company. p. 463.


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