Quinquina is an aromatised wine, a variety of apéritif. Traditionally quinquinas contain cinchona bark, which provides quinine. Quinine was used in treating malaria.
Americano is considered either a subclass of quinquina, or a separate variety of apéritif. Americano uses gentian root as the primary ingredient for flavoring and bitterness.
Quinquina also refers to Peruvian Bark, which originates from South America. It was introduced to Europe in the 17th century by Spanish missionaries.
Some quinquinas are:
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