|Cultural origins||Early 1980s, French Antilles (esp. Guadeloupe and Martinique)|
Zouk is a musical movement pioneered by the French Antillean band Kassav' in the early 1980s. It has become undistinguishable from Compas. Originally characterized by a fast tempo (120–145 bpm), a percussion-driven rhythm and a loud horn section. The fast zouk beton of Martinique and Guadeloupe, faded away in the same 80s. During the second half of the 1980s, a slow Compas style, dubbed zouk-love, has been promoted  The original faster style became known as "zouk béton", "zouk chiré" or "zouk hard".
Zouk is considered a synthesis of various French Antillean dance music styles of the 20th century: kadans, konpa and biguine. Unlike the fast carnival zouk beton, zouk love is actually the French Lesser Antilles Compas.
The 1990s was the confirmation of the success of zouk, the French Antilles Compas in the Caribbean. The progressive disappearance of brass instruments and the slow-down of the tempo made zouk-love the most popular zouk subgenre in the 1990s, which influenced the Cape-Verdean new generation.