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Zygophyllum fabago
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Zygophyllales
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamily: Zygophylloideae
Genus: Zygophyllum

See text

  • Agophyllum Neck.
  • Agrophyllum Neck.
  • Fabago Mill.
  • Halimiphyllum (Engl.) Boriss.
  • Miltianthus Bunge
  • Sarcozygium (especially Zygophyllum xanthoxylon) Bunge
Zygophyllum fabago leaflets

Zygophyllum is the type genus of the flowering plant family Zygophyllaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek words ζυγόν (zygon), meaning "double", and φυλλον (phyllon), meaning "leaf".[3] It refers to the leaves, each of which have two leaflets.

The genus is distributed in arid and semi-arid regions of Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, central Asia and Australia.[1]

Molecular phylogenetic analysis suggested that as previously circumscribed, Zygophyllum was not monophyletic, and the genus was split among a number of other genera, including Augea, Fagonia, Roepera and Tetraena.[4]


As of January 2018, Plants of the World Online accepts the following species:[1]


  1. ^ a b c d "Zygophyllum L." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  2. ^ "Genus: Zygophyllum L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-06-18. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X.
  4. ^ Beier, B.-A.; Chase, M. W.; Thulin, M. (2003). "Phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy of subfamily Zygophylloideae (Zygophyllaceae) based on molecular and morphological data". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 240: 11. doi:10.1007/s00606-003-0007-0.

External links[edit]

Media related to Zygophyllum at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Zygophyllum at Wikispecies


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